1 edition of Procedures for the preparation of emission inventories for volatile organic compounds. found in the catalog.
Procedures for the preparation of emission inventories for volatile organic compounds.
1979 by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air, Noise, and Radiation, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, National Technical Information Service [distributor in Research Triangle Park, N.C, Springfield, Va .
Written in English
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination|| v. :|
Since this would also result in more particulate matter entering the atmosphere which in turn has an influence on cloud formation, regional and global climate models might have to be adapted accordingly. Google Scholar Grimsrud, E. Criteria Pollutant: A pollutant determined to be hazardous to human health and regulated under the U. If an agency anticipates using a photochemical model, species data will become necessary.
In order for an air pollution control agency to develop and implement an effective ozone control strategy, information must be compiled on the important sources of these precursor pollutants. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Office of Management and Budget to classify establishments according to to the type of economic activity in which they are engaged. The subject of each of the above questions is discussed briefly in the next sections. The pattern of VOC emissions, if assessed between source materials or between chemical components, can vary greatly between materials under diverse conditions [ 1011 ].
Chapter 7 discusses reporting, i. The study carried out simultaneous indoor and outdoor VOC concentration measurements and assessed the influence of outdoor emissions and weather on the IAQ of the naturally ventilated classrooms investigated. If resources allow, a lower cutoff level is encouraged. Questionnaire design entails the establishment of a suitable format, the selection of appropriate questions, the wording of questions, and the development of an appropriate cover letter and instructions for filling out the questionnaire. Subject to clarification, the contents reflect current Agency thinking. In general, if an agency must deal with large amounts of data, a computerized inventory data handling system allows the agency to spend more time gathering and analyzing the inventory data as opposed to merely manipulating it.
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Chapter 3 describes the various ways source and emissions data can be collected on individual sources for use in the point source inventory. The main emission chamber is built with a double body structure, which includes 1 an inner chamber width 1.
A special proton-transfer-reaction-mass spectrometer developed by the university spin-off Ionicon Analytics was used as an electronic detector, which can sniff out trace gases at very low concentrations.
This information can help the agency decide whether a given source category or some segment thereof should be included in the point source inventory; what processes need to be identified as distinct emitting points; what kinds of controls represent reasonably available technology; and what presumed reductions are related to the implementation of these controls.
As such, airport operators are well incentivized and uniquely positioned to ensure that these emissions are properly represented and accounted for in SIPs.
The data collection methods and considerations for their use are discussed in greater depth in Chapters 3 and 4. This study investigated the concentrations of the most abundant volatile organic compounds VOCs in eight naturally ventilated school buildings in Italy. If different procedures are used for esti- mating emissions, the agency cannot be sure if changes in emissions are due to its proposed control program or simply due to methodological differences.
In certain cases, however, other jurisdictions will be considered, such as cities, towns, townships, or parishes. In order to minimize the number of contacts made to any particular source, the agency should obtain as much of this additional information as possible during the contacts made to update the basic inventory.
Google Scholar Brice, K. The appearance of humans has gradually changed the natural balance. Preview Unable to display preview. Abstract Children are more sensitive to pollutants than adults and yet they spend large amounts of time in school environments where they are exposed to unknown levels of indoor pollutants.
This type of exposure can lead to many common symptoms, for example, acute respiratory infections, lung disease, allergies, and so forth [ 13 — 16 ].
Generally any area large enough to warrant the use of a photochemical model will have a computerized data handling system in place to handle the important inventory functions. This can be done either by preparing industry-specific questionnaires for each source category or by preparing "catchall" questionnaires that encompass many source categories.
Instead, to the extent feasible, the agency need only identify that fraction of emissions from each source comprised of nonreactive VOC and exclude it from the VOC emission total.
In addition, advantages and disad- vantages of these techniques are weighed to help the agency to decide what level of detail will be sufficient to meet its needs and objectives and, at the same time, what can be accomplished given the constraints on the inventory compilation effort.
Reporting can include listings of the individual data items contained in the inventory files as well as various kinds of summary manipulations. Table 1. In addition to fulfilling legal requirements, a good VOC control strategy inventory can be very useful to an air pollution agency.
These aerosols are believed to result in negative radiative forcing i.Get this from a library! Procedures for the preparation of emission inventories for volatile organic compounds. [United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Monitoring and Data Analysis Division.;]. The emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from wood and wood products are important in evaluating the impact on the indoor environment from different materials.
The results from analyses of emissions from nine different wood species are presented in this atlasbowling.com by: preparation of calibration and spiking standards, and specific quality control that should be applied to each preparative method.
The following table is presented as a guide to the sample preparation techniques fo r volatile organic compounds: SAMPLE PREPARATION METHODS FOR VOLATILE ORGANICS Method No.
Matrix Sample Preparation Analytes. Characteristics of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the evaporative emissions of modern passenger cars. J. Su, M.
Shao, S. Lu, Y. XieNon-methane volatile organic compound emission inventories in Beijing during Olympic Games Atmos. Environ., 45 (), pp.
Cited by: Emission of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) The main sources of chemical product emissions in the air are generated by products used in interiors, including furniture, construction materials and other office products that may emit thousands of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).
LBNL 1 Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations and Emission Rates in New Manufactured and Site-Built Houses A.T. Hodgson1, A.F. Rudd2, D. Beal2, S. Chandra2 Abstract Concentrations of 54 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ventilation rates were measured in.